Raspberry Pi 4 vs. Raspberry Pi 5

Raspberry Pi 4 vs Raspberry Pi 5 Title Image


The Raspberry Pi universe has new life with the announcement of Raspberry Pi 5. At this point, you might be asking yourself “Should I wait for a Raspberry Pi 5 or should I buy a Raspberry Pi 4 now?”

In this article, we’re going to go through the specs of both and compare and contrast them.

Some of the most notable features of Raspberry Pi 5 are its blazingly fast CPU and GPU speeds.

Indeed, in comparison with its predecessor, the Pi 5 delivers a 2-3x increase in CPU performance and a huge upgrade in GPU performance. But it also provides a whole new world of peripherals.

Many of these interfacing improvements are due to the new I/O controller chip, designed in-house at Raspberry Pi.

That’s right, for the first time, Raspberry Pi has Raspberry Pi silicon on a flagship product!

It’s a southbridge chip called the RP1.

But before we get into these details, let’s take a look at the similarities and differences between Raspberry Pi 4 and Raspberry Pi 5 in a nutshell.


Raspberry Pi 4Raspberry Pi 5
ProcessorBroadcom BCM2711Broadcom BCM2712
CPUARM-Cortex A72 (four cores)ARM-Cortex A76 (four cores)
CPU capabilities64-Bit64-Bit
CPU frequency1.5/1.8GHz2.4GHz
GPUVideoCore VI 600MHzVideoCore VII 1GHz
SDRAMLPDDR4-3200 SDRAM (1GB, 2GB, 4GB, 8GB)LPDDR4X-4267 SDRAM (4GB and 8GB SKUs available at launch)
SD slotMicro SD card slotMicro SD card slot, with support for high-speed SDR104 mode
WLAN2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz 802.11ac Wi-Fi2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz 802.11ac Wi-Fi
BluetoothBluetooth 5.0 / Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)Bluetooth 5.0 / Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
HDMI port2 Micro HDMI ports (up to 4Kp60)2 Micro HDMI ports (up to 4Kp60 simultaneously)
USB ports2 USB 2.0 ports & 2 USB 3.0 ports2 USB 2.0 ports & 2 USB 3.0 ports that support simultaneous 5Gbps operation
EthernetGigabit Ethernet, with PoE+ support (requires PoE+ HAT)Gigabit Ethernet, with PoE+ support (requires a new PoE+ HAT)
Camera port2-lane MIPI DSI, 2-line MIPI CSI2 × 4 lane MIPI camera/display transceivers
Power5V/3A DC (via USB-C connector or GPIO)5V/5A DC power (PD enabled)
Power supplyUSB-CUSB-C
Audio jack4-pole stereo audio and composite videoNope!
RTCNopeRTC and RTC battery connector
PCIeNopePCIe 2.0 x1 interface for fast peripherals
Power ButtonNoYES!

What’s the Same?

First of all, they’re both more-or-less the same size.

Beginning with the similarities that jump out above, obviously both computers have 64-bit CPU capabilities. Of course, they both boot from Micro SD cards (remember how Raspberry Pi 1 ran with a standard SD card?)

Both offer 2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz 802.11ac Wi-Fi as well as Bluetooth 5.0 and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE).

They both have two USB 2.0 ports and two USB 3.0 ports.

And, finally, both computers offer Gigabit Ethernet and support Power over Ethernet (PoE) with a PoE+ HAT.

Raspberry Pi 4 and Raspberry Pi 5

What’s Different?

Let’s get into the contrasts – which are many!

The first you’ll have noticed is that Raspberry Pi 4 features the Broadcom BCM2711 processor, while Raspberry Pi 5 uses the BCM2712. Raspberry Pi 5 has a faster CPU with ARM-Cortex A76 cores (2.4GHz).

The Raspberry Pi 5 also comes with the next generation of VideoCore GPU. So while Raspberry Pi 4 has a VideoCore VI GPU at 600MHz, Raspberry Pi 5 has a VideoCore VII GPU at 1GHz.

The GPU difference is huge when you consider that the Pi 4 is 4.4 GFLOPS and the Pi 5 is over 10 GFLOPS.

Raspberry Pi 4 uses LPDDR4-3200 SDRAM (1GB, 2GB, 4GB, 8GB), while Raspberry Pi 5 employs LPDDR4X-4267 SDRAM (4GB and 8GB variants are available at launch). A 2GB variant is to follow and then a 1GB variant might appear in the future.

Ports & Peripherals

As I mentioned above, both have a micro SD card slot, but Raspberry Pi 5 supports high-speed SDR104 mode, offering way faster data access to the SD card.

Also, although both feature two USB 2.0 ports and two USB 3.0 ports, Raspberry Pi 5 has USB 3.0 ports that support simultaneous 5Gbps operation.

So while the micro SD card slots and USB ports look the same at first glance, they are far superior on Raspberry Pi 5. Compared to Raspberry Pi 4, the Pi 5 doubles aggregate USB bandwidth and it doubles peak SD card performance.

In the introduction, I stressed the importance of RP1. RP1 is a huge reason for this increase in performance.

The camera serial interface (CSI) and display serial interface (DSI) have a new setup on Raspberry Pi 5 as well. With two 4-lane MIPI interfaces, there is now support any combination of up to two cameras or displays. This means that you can use them for stereoscopic applications!

One important thing to note is that these new connectors are 22-way and not 15-way, like they are on other current camera and display products. That means you’ll need an adapter cable for the new Pi.

Luckily, Raspberry Pi are releasing mini-to-standard adapter cables to go along with the new MIPI connectors.

Audio Jack

One difference that you’ll quickly note is that the Raspberry Pi 4 had a 4-pole stereo audio and composite video jack, allowing audio and video connections.

In contrast, the Raspberry Pi 5 lacks an audio jack.

If you want to hook up audio, you’re going to need to use USB or Bluetooth.


A new feature of the Raspberry Pi 5 is an RTC (Real-Time Clock) and an RTC battery connector for precise timekeeping.

An RTC will make it possible for your Raspberry Pi 5 to be useful in remote applications.

Raspberry Pi 4 does not have an RTC or a connector for an RTC battery, of course. This means that you need WiFi for timekeeping.


Raspberry Pi 5 is the first Raspberry Pi that incorporates a PCIe 2.0 x1 interface, providing the capability to connect super fast peripherals.

Raspberry Pi 4 did not have a PCIe interface, although the Compute Module 4 did offer PCIe through an I/O board.

Before Raspberry Pi 5, we’ve only had access to maximum SPI interface speed, so bandwidth has been constrained. With PCIe, you can now add really high-speed hardware internally to a Pi without relying on USB cables.

So now you can also do much more with data transferring between your Pi and other devices (think of all the possibilities, like 4G modems, additional Ethernet ports, SSDs!)

Power & Power Button

Both use a USB-C connector for power.

However, Raspberry Pi 5 requires 5V/5A DC power and supports Power Delivery (PD), as opposed to Raspberry Pi 4’s 5V/3A specifications.

This increase in power is consistent to the increase in performance. Of course, the Pi 5 not only surpasses the Pi 4 in terms of power usage. Because of its architecture, the Pi 5 also uses this power better, which is why it’s so much more performant.

One thing that also stands out is that Raspberry Pi 5 comes with a power button!

Want to See More?

Raspberr Pi 5 Contest

We know how frustrating it is to have to wait. So we wanted to make it possible for you to play around with one as soon as possible.

So we’re setting up a little contest: What’s the craziest thing you can come up with for Raspberry Pi 5?

Provided it doesn’t destroy it, you can send us your ideas and we’ll enact them on ours.

The winning idea will have a long, dedicated article and video before the official release on October 23rd. In the meantime, we will be uploading constant tests and enacting your ideas on our Raspberry Pi 5.

You can also tell us not-so-crazy things that you’d like check out with Raspberry Pi 5 and we can do them for you!

If you have any questions, let us know!

So be sure to send in your ideas – you can either comment below or contact us on the official PiCockpit contact page.


To sum up, Raspberry Pi 5 is more than just an incremental upgrade; it’s a quantum leap in performance.

With a Raspberry Pi 5, you’ll really be able to use it as a desktop computer. You’ll also be able to use it effectively for things that require high data transferring – NAS, SSDs, etc.

If you want to know more about Raspberry Pi 5, check out our article “A First Look at Raspberry Pi 5”.

However, a Raspberry Pi 4 is still a reliable partner. It doesn’t run nearly as hot and is slightly cheaper. For many projects that you’re looking to put together, you can still trust a Pi 4.

Also, don’t forget to sign up for our newsletter at the top right of the page!

What are the most important differences to you between the Raspberry Pi 4 and Raspberry Pi 5? Leave a comment below!


  1. TGM on September 28, 2023 at 1:29 pm

    I’d love to see the Pi5 built into a mini Digital Audio Workstation. That PCI lane would be perfect for a low latency audio interface (though USB is amazing it still comes with a clock latency that’s by design) and enough oomph for a few software synths (though not the highest quality I imagine). Hell, the Pi could go (adequately shielded) into a housing containing the audio ports!

    Lovely spec, though I’m really surprised there are still a few USB2 ports on the new model.

    • Adam on October 9, 2023 at 10:35 am

      Yeah – that’s a great idea! What surprises you about the USB2 ports?

  2. Aaron Davidson on September 28, 2023 at 8:43 pm

    just after lockdown kicked in I ordered a maxed our CM4, CM4 I/O board, POE hat, metal case with fan capable of holding POE hat. All arrived apart from the CM4.
    A few months later I was informed that the card I had “paid” with had expired. So the CM4 became impossible to buy. OK, looks like you can get them again, just as it becomes obsolete

    • Adam on October 9, 2023 at 10:35 am

      Yeah, the Pi shortages were really widely covered, but the recovery this year hasn’t been as widely covered. However, depending on your desires, a CM4 isn’t necessarily obsolete just yet.

  3. John Czuba on September 29, 2023 at 2:51 am

    pcie, cpu speed

  4. Dennis on September 29, 2023 at 8:08 pm

    have they fixed the bluetooth range problem that occured on the pi4? some said it was interference. anyway my range on bluetooth on pi4 was only about 8-10feet. pi 3 it was over 30 feet.

    • Adam on October 9, 2023 at 10:33 am

      I’ll test out Bluetooth with my Pi 5 and get back to you on the details!

  5. Peter Johnson on October 2, 2023 at 9:35 pm

    I have a raspberry pi 4 8gb running twister on a 480gb ssd .Just preordered my pi 5 8gb with cooler and 5amp power supply£99 .If this was a well known software manufacturer the system would cost over £1000 just to start and then be obsolete in a couple of years time.

  6. Raymond E.D. on October 3, 2023 at 12:28 pm

    I was wondering if the Pi5 is backwards compatible and if it’s possible, I could team up my Pi4s with a Pi5, so to not have to start in the dirt to end up with something I’ll be happy owning and comfortable using will they come out with upgrades to get my Pi4 closer to the Pi5 also if you have any trade secrets you want t I hand out I’m on the lookout

    • Adam on October 9, 2023 at 10:32 am

      They’re putting the finishing touches on the new Bookworm OS at the moment, but I’m sure you’ll be able to team up your Pi 4s with a Pi 5. What are you using them for?

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